A coronavirus is a group of viruses that are of different types, and some cause illness. The newly identified coronavirus in a recent outbreak in Wuhan city, China, is now called COVID-19. Now, the virus is creating a global concern and has led to a worldwide shutdown.
Despite Wuhan and other cities in China, the COVID-19 has spread globally. In the United States, many COVIA-19 cases are arriving day by day, and the death toll is also increasing. So, in this article, we are providing essential information that you need to know.
What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)
A coronavirus is a virus that is precisely found in wild animals. Furthermore, it rarely can be transferred from animals to humans. Afterwards, it can spread from human to human. In addition to COVID-19, other human coronaviruses include:
- The MERS virus: It is also known as the Middle East respiratory syndrome.
The coronavirus causes the severe respiratory syndrome, which first occurred in Wuhan, China.
Symptoms of Coronavirus
The symptoms of COVID-19 can be mild or severe. However, it may take from 2 to 14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. These symptoms may include:
- Sore throat
- Difficulty breathing (severe)
Moreover, a person with a weak immune system may develop more severe symptoms, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. So far, the most confirmed cases of COVID-19 are in adults, but some children are also infected. However, there is no evidence that children are at higher risk.
What causes a COVID-19 infection
Humans first got COVID-19 infection from contact with wild animals. Therefore, it is spreading from human to human. However, health officials do not know which animal caused coronavirus.
Moreover, coronavirus can also transmit from a specific bodily fluid, such as droplets in a sneeze. It can also be caused by touching something infected and then touching your nose, eyes, or mouth.
How does coronavirus diagnose
If you believe you have coronavirus infection, contact an expert doctor immediately. For diagnosis, your doctor may run tests to know other diseases. Furthermore, your doctor may suggest self-isolate to prevent the spread of infection.
Indeed, there is no precise treatment or vaccine is available for COVID-19. However, researchers are working hard to develop a vaccine for coronavirus.
How can I prevent or avoid coronavirus
At first, practice social distancing. Avoid meeting people who are sick or group gathering. Do not shake hands, hug, or have sex. Stay at your home and follow the lockdown. Furthermore, cover your cough with a tissue or elbow. Besides, do not cough into your hands.
Moreover, wash your hands often with soap for at least 20 seconds. Also, if a bar of soap is not available, use hand alcohol sanitizer. Stay clean and hydrated.
What to do if I have coronavirus infection
If you have COVID-19 infection, do not meet people or sit with others. If possible, stay with a medical team, or self isolates yourself. Furthermore, wear a face N-95 mask to prevent the spread of the virus.
Questions to ask your doctor
Ask your doctor if you are concerned about:
- Which medications will work best for your symptoms
- Are you at risk of complications because of coronavirus
- What you can do to prevent your knowns from getting the infection